WHAT IS 2D DESIGN
The 2d design is the one that is composed of only two dimensions –the length and the width. In the sector of architecture these types of designs are the ground plan, the view and the section and these are discerned in 4 categories:
Category 1: The diagrams where we express our first idea of objects drawing and of the basic elements of the plan without the impression of the details in size and analogy.
Category 2: The simple sketches where is not necessary the drawing tools for the impression of the ground plan, the views, the section and the axonometric. But here we try to impress more the right analogy and the right position between the object sizes.
Category 3: The sketches in scale where are also drafts in which, whereas we use or not, drawing tools in scale we try to impress the maximum right analogy between the elements, but without special details (i.e. the width of the walls in a ground plane).
Category 4: The drawings in the scale in which we use the scale for the impression of more specific analogies. The scale is formed according to the subject of the drawing (building, furniture etc.).
photos by stockvault
1) THE GROUND PLAN
The ground plan is a two dimensional design where, as long as it is designed with the right scale, it gives you information about:
a) The outline of the building
b) The number of the rooms which are contained in the building
c) The structural elements of the building (walls, brace etc.)
d) Other elements like furniture, electric devices etc.
f) Symbols (altitudes)
g) Uncovered places
To imagine how a floor plan looks like, is enough to think a building cut in the middle with a horizontal section and we subtract the top. The floor plans are necessary designs to make the section, the view, the axonometric but also the visualization of a building.
To be able to draw the view of a building or of an object we have to have a ground plan as a leader.
3) THE SECTION
To be able to draw the section we have to have a ground plan as a leader!
The section is a two dimension drawing that is concluded if we cut the building in the middle and vertical with direction to the left or to the right side.
The section is useful so that to be shown building details, like steps, doors, windows, special structures, plasterboards etc.
For the drawing of the section, a necessary element is the floor plan that has to be designed in the same scale of the section.
The section is inscribed, on the floor plan with a thick discontinuous line.
The line has to surpass the limits of the building and with arrows at the end of the line, will show us the direction of the section.
If there is more than one floor plan then we start making the sections from the most complicated and we go to the next sections until they will be completed.
The sections are sorted out:
a) Longed section when the building (or the place) is cut towards the direction of the length
b) Cross section when the building (or the space) is cut towards the direction of the width.
From the section are concluding the following elements:
a) The floor line at the point where the section was designed and the altitude variation (if there are some)
b) The vertical cut elements (walls, propping up, openings)
c) The horizontal cut elements (girders, floors, ceilings from plasterboards)
d) Sloping roofs
e) The spaces that are concluded from the section and
f) The elements of the furnishing and the domestic equipment of the space, where are shown in the section.
2) THE VIEW
The view doesn’t have a big difference from the section. The only difference is that the section’s show is concluded if we “cut” the building with a vertical line whereas the view’s show is concluded if we stand in front, at the back or on one side and we look towards the building.
According to which view we are looking as they are sorted out:
a) The front
b) The back view
c) The left or the right view.
The elements that have to be included in a view are:
a) The line of the floor section, from the point of the observe
b) The general outline and the additional masses
c) The visible structural elements (openings, balconies, walls etc.) which are shown
d) Other showing elements, like furniture, plants and other
e) Some details that maybe they exist on the face of the structural materials (joints).